美国孩子9岁前要掌握的25种基本礼节

2017-11-20作者:王新环, 著编辑:茹鑫

一位美国小学的校长,有一次看到一个10岁的学生在走廊打断两个老师的谈话后,遭到老师的批评,心中很是感慨。他立刻想到这个孩子可能根本不知道,打断别人的谈话是不礼貌的行为,于是他根据自己多年的教育经验总结了下面25条美国孩子需要掌握的基本礼节,希望对父母和孩子都有一个指导作用。



  25 Manners EveryKid Needs By Age 9


  1. When asking for something, say "Please."

  向别人询问事情,说“请”。


  2. When receiving something, say "thank you."

  当接受东西时,说“谢谢。”


  3. Don't interrrupt grown-ups who are speaking with each otherunless there is an emergency. They will notice you and respond whenthey are finished talking。

  除非有意外,否则切勿打断大人们的交谈。大人谈完话后会注意到你并回答你。


  4. If you do need to get somebody's attention right away, thephrase"excuse me" is the most polite way for you to enter theconversation。

  当你需要他人的注意或想与人谈话,最礼貌的短语是“Excuse me”(对不起,打扰了。)


  5. When you have any doubt doing something, ask permission first.It can save you from many hours of grief later。

  当你不确信事情可不可以做,先问许可。这样可以避免日后长时间的悲痛。



  6. The world is not interested in what you dislike. Keep negativeoponions to yourself,or between you and your friends, and out ofearshot of adults。

  世人对你不喜欢的事情不感兴趣。将消极的想法留给自己或与朋友们保留,不要向大人们诉苦。


  7. Don't comment on other people's physical characteristics unless,of cuourse, it's to compliment them, which is always welcome。

  不要评论他人的外表,当然除非是好评,好评总受欢迎。


  8.When people ask you how you are, tell them and then ask them howthey are。

  当别人问你可好,回答他们,并问他们可好。


  9. when you have spent time at your friend's house, remember tothank his or her parents for having you over and for the good timeyou had。

  当你到朋友家玩时,记住对你朋友的父母说谢谢邀请,也谢谢在一起的好时光。


  10. Knock on closed doors-and wait to see if there's aresponse-before entering。

  门若是关着的,请敲门,等着回音,再进去。



  11. When you make a phone call, introduce yourself first and thenask if you can speak with the person you are calling。

  当你打电话时,先介绍自己,然后问可否与你要通话的人交谈。


  12. Be appreciative and say “thankyou" for any gift you receive. Inthe age of e-mail, a handwritten thank-you note can have a powerfuleffect。

  收到任何礼物,都要感恩,并说“谢谢”。在有电子邮件的年代,手写的“感谢卡”价值尤显珍贵。


  13. Never use foul language in front of adults. Grown-ups alreadyknow all those words, and they find them boring andunpleasant。

  在大人面前绝不可以说粗话。大人了解这些脏话,他们觉得脏话沉闷又粗鲁。


  14. Don't call people mean names。

  不要给人起低劣的绰号。


  15. Do not make fun of anyone for any reason. Teasing shows othersyou are weak, and ganging up on someone else is cruel。

  不要因任何原因取笑任何人。取笑人表明你很软弱,与别人合伙来欺负人是很残忍的事。



  16. Even if a play or an assembly is boring, sit through it quietlyand pretend that you are interested. The performers and presentersare doing their best。

  若戏剧或会议很枯燥,仍然要安静地坐着,让人感觉你是感兴趣的。表演者和演讲者都在尽全力。


  17. If you bump into somebody, immediatly say "excuse me."

  若不小心碰撞到别人,立即说“Excuseme."(对不起。)


  18. Cover your mouth when you cough or sneeze, and don't pick yournose in public。

  咳嗽或打喷嚏时,请遮住嘴。不要在公众场合挖鼻孔。


  19. As you walk through a door, look to see if you can hold it openfor someone else。

  当你穿走门道时,看看你能否为他人扶门。


  20. If you come across a parent, a teacher, or a neighbor workingon something, as if you can help. If they say‘yes",do so -you maylearn something new。

  你父母、老师或邻居在做事情时,若你经过,询问是否可以帮助他们,若他们说“可以”,你去帮助他们,你很可能学会做新的事情。



  21. When an adult asks you for a favor, do it without grumbling andwith a smile。

  大人请你帮忙时,带着微笑毫无怨言地去做。


  22. When someone helps you, say "thank you". That person willlikely want to help you again. This is especially true withteachers!

  当别人帮助你时,说“谢谢”。帮助你的人会更愿意再帮助你。尤其是对老师而言。


  23. Use eating utensils properly. If you are unsure how to do so,ask your parents to teach you or watch what adults do。

  正确地使用餐具。若不太确信如何使用,问你父母,让他们教你,或观察其他大人是如何使用的。


  24. Keep a napkin on you lap; use it to wipe your mouth whennecessary。

  用餐时,将餐巾纸放膝上,需要时用纸巾擦嘴。


  25. Don't reach for things at the table; ask to have thempassed。

  用餐时,不要伸出手去拿桌上的东西;请别人将食物传给你。



虽然这些条条框框看起来很琐碎,比如为别人开门,求人帮忙要说请,接受别人帮助要说谢谢,打喷嚏要捂嘴等等,可细想起来却都是我们眼中对欧美人很有礼貌印象的具体体现,看来好习惯不是一天两天养成的,而是从小就开始教育的结果。


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内容来源:书问

作者王新环
出版清华大学出版社
定价38元
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